Fardh Knowledge of Salah

DAILY DOSE OF DEEN: Learn the fardh rulings of salah

اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمن الرَّحِيْمِ

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaathu everyone!

Nowadays it is very easy to get information on Islam. We have the means of internet, social media and books at our fingertips, yet still so many of us do know the basic fundamentals of our religion. Muslims these days want to argue about things that they don’t have knowledge of and struggle to hold the basic facts of their knowledge. Through this post, I am hoping that people will learn some fardh knowledge. It is important that we learn these facts like we know our alphabet. That’s how important this knowledge. We should not let this be on the backburner because this is knowledge that Allah (سبحانه وتعلي) has commanded for us to know.

What are the preconditions of salah?

There are 6 preconditions of salah.

  1. Taharah (purity) – body, clothes and place where salah is to be offered needs to be pure
  2. Satr-e-Awrat – for women this is everything except hands, feet and face. This is important because a lot of Islamic sisters do not ensure that their wrists are covered meaning their salah will be invalid.
  3. Istiqbal-e-Qiblah – facing the direction of the Qiblah
  4. Waqt (timings) – this means that you pray the correct salah at the correct time, so don’t pray Zuhr at Isha time obviously
  5. Niyyah (intention)
  6. Takbir Tahrimah

What are the fardh of salah?

There are 7 faraid of salah.

  1. Takbir Tahrimah
  2. Qiyam
  3. Qiraat
  4. Ruku
  5. Sujood
  6. Qadah Akhirah
  7. Khuruj-e-Bisunihi

What are the wajibaat of salah?

There are 25 wajibaat of salah.

  1. Saying اَللَّه اَكْبَر for Takbir Tahrimah
  2. Reciting Surah al-Fatihah with a surah or with a Quranic verse that is equivalent to three small verses or with three small verses of every salah except the last two rakaat of fardh salah
  3. Reciting Surah al-Fatihah before any other surah
  4. Not reciting anything else except Ameen and Bismilah between Surah al-Fatihah and the other surah
  5. Performing ruku immediately after qiraat
  6. Performing two sujood consecutively
  7. Maintaining tadil arkan – staying in ruku, sujood, qawmah and jalsah for as long as subhanAllah can be uttered at least once
  8. Qawmah – standing erect after ruku
  9. Jalsah – sitting upright between two sujood
  10. First qadah
  11. Performing sajdah sahw in case of missing the first qadah and having done the sujood of the third rakaah
  12. Not reciting anything after tashahhud in the firsh qadah of fardh, witr and sunnah-e-muakkadah
  13. Reciting complete tashahhud in both qadahs
  14. Performing sajdah sahw in case of accidentally uttering the beginnings of durood shareef in the first qadah
  15. Saying اَلسَّلَامُ when turning face to right and left both times
  16. Saying takbeer of dua-e-qanoot in witr
  17. Reciting dua-e-qanoot in witr
  18. Performing every fardh and wajib in its prescribed order
  19. Performing ruku only once in each rakaah
  20. Performing sajdah only twice in each rakaah
  21. Not performing qadah before second rakah
  22. Not performing qadah in third rakah of a four rakaat salah
  23. Performing sajdah of tilawaat in case of reciting a verse of sajdah
  24. Performing sajdah sahw if it has become wajib
  25. Avoiding the pause for as long as tasbeeh can be uttered thrice in between two faraid or two wajibaat or a fardh and a wajib

If you miss out a wajib act of salah then sajdah sahw becomes wajib.

What are the sunan of salah?

Takbir Tahrimah

There are 6 sunan.

  1. Raising hands for Takbir Tahrimah
  2. Keeping fingers in their normal postion – not too close or too far apart
  3. Palms and fingers should face the qiblah
  4. Not bowing the head at the time of Takbir
  5. Raising both hands up to the shoulders before you start saying the Takbir
  6. Folding hands immediately after Takbir
Qiyam

There are 11 sunan.

Ruku

There are 4 sunan.

Qawmah

There are 3 sunan.

Sajdah

There are 18 sunan.

Jalsah

There are 4 sunan.

Standing for second rakah

There are 2 sunan.

Qadah

There are 8 sunan.

Salam

There are 4 sunan.

Sunnat-e-badiyyan

There are 3 sunan.

What are the mustahabat of wudu?

There are 14 mustahabat.

What are the makroohat of wudu?a

Makroohat tanzihi

There are 30 makroohat tanzihi.

Makroohat tahrimi

There are 26 makroohat tahrimi.

What invalidates salah?

There are 29 acts that invalidate salah.

Sources / Further Reading

English

Book – Salah for Islamic Sisters

Urdu

Book – Salah for Islamic Sisters

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