Shab-e-Barat

DAILY DOSE OF DEEN: Learn about the blessings of Shab-e-Barat

اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمن الرَّحِيْمِ

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaathu everyone!

With Shab-e-Barat fast approaching this weekend I have prepared a post on the blessings and significance of this night. I have also compiled a list of what we can do on this blessed occasion. As most of us know Shabaan is the eighth month of the Islamic calendar. This whole month holds a unique significance. It is narrated in something by someone (عليه السلام) that our Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said,

“Shabaan is my month and Ramadan is the month of Allah (سبحانه وتعالي).”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم)
What happens on Shab-e-Barat?

In the Lauh Mahfooz (the protected tablet) there is written what has happened form the start and what will happen until the end. Every year on Shab-e-Barat the angels note down these commandments from the Lauh Mahfooz for the following year. It is written in that who will be born in this year and who will leave this world and the sustenance to be given to each individual.

The virtues of Shab-e-Barat

This month is full of blessings, but there is a night when the mercy of Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) is at its peak. This is known as Laila tul-Bara’at in Arabic and in Urdu is known as Shab-e-Barat. There are countless virtues of this blessed night and it is important that we take advantage of this night. This is the night of forgiveness and a time of atonement for all Muslims. Unlike the Prophets and the angels, we are not sinless, and it is in our nature to err. Allah (سبحانه وتعالي)’s mercy is so great that Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) encourages the people to ask for His forgiveness. It is narrated by Hazrat Aishah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) in Tirmidhi that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said,

“On this blessed night Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) frees his bondman from Hell and the number of those who are freed is like the number of strands of hair on the goats of the Banu Kalab (an Arab tribe famous for its livestock.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم)

SubhanAllah! This is the great mercy of Allah (سبحانه وتعالي). ). However, it should also be noted that there is a famous Hadith in Fadail ul-Awqat that narrates that the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) also said that,

“There are six people who will not be pardoned even on that night. 1) an alcoholic, 2) the one who is disobedient to his parents, 3) habitual of fornication, 4) the one severs family ties, 5) the one who sketches portraits and 6) the one who tells tales.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم)

If any of us are from the list of sinners above, then we will be deprived of the blessings of this holy night. For any Muslim to be deprived of the Mercy of Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) is a great calamity and it should bring us to make sincere repentance from these sins. We should make a firm intention that as Muslims we will refrain from indulging in those sins.  firm intention that from now onward we will not indulge in any of the sins mentioned above.

What to do on this night?

There are many ways to acquire blessings on this night.

  • Keep a fast on the 15th of Shabaan

It is narrated by Hazrat Ali (رضي الله تعالي عنه) in Sunan ibn Majah that the Prophet Muhammad ﷺ said,

“When the 15th Night of Sha’ban comes, do Qiyam (for worship) in the night and observe fast in the day.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم)
  • Perform six nawafil after Maghrib on the 15th Shabaan

A method of how to perform these nawafil is written in this pamphlet.

  • Keep a fast on the 14th Shabaan

As the book of deeds are exchanged on Shab-e-Barat by observing a fast on the 14th of Shabaan a fast will be recorded on the closing day of the book of deeds.

You can watch the video below which is by my elder brother, a recent graduate of Jamia tul-Madinah, Bradford for more information on Shab-e-Barat.

Sources / Further Reading

English

Blessings of Shab-e-Barat
Significance of the Special Night of Shab-e-Barat
Pamphlet – Blessings of Shab-e-Barat

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