Sunnahs of Friday

DAILY DOSE OF DEEN: Complete the weekly checklist every Friday

اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمن الرَّحِيْمِ

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaathu everyone!

Everyone knows the importance of Friday in Islam but often we forget and don’t realise the magnitude of the speciality of this day. We sometimes get so stuck in the worldly aspects of this life from school to work to university that the day of Friday passes us by. Friday is not a normal day of the week. In order to make things easier for everyone I have compiled a checklist for what we can do every week according to the Sunnahs of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم).

First things first the plural of Sunnah is actually Sunan not Sunnahs, as my sister kindly (not kindly, very rudely) corrected me. She’s a first year Alimah student at Jamia Tul Madinah (Dawat-e-Islami) in Birmingham, so she knows these kinds of things. She likes to get into debates with my older brother, who actually is an Alim, but she never wins them…

So, went off on a bit of a tangent there but let’s get back to the topic on hand. Obviously, there are many Sunnahs of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم), so this list is not exhaustive, but it provides a starting point.

Have a bath

Now this is the obvious one and one that I think most Muslims do abide by. However, one needs to ensure that when they do have a bath that they ensure that all the farid of ghusl are fulfilled in order for this Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) to be fulfilled. So, there are three farid of ghusl.

  1. Rinsing the mouth
  2. Sniffing water into the nose
  3. Pouring water over the whole apparent body

In the Hadith book Al-Mujam Al-Kabir there is an authentic Hadith that states the importance of why we should take a bath on Friday.

“The one taking a bath on Friday, his/her sins and misdeeds are removed; when he/she proceeds (to offer Ṣalah) 20 virtuous deeds are written for his/her every step.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) [Al-Mujam Al-Kabir]
Use miswak

There are countless virtues in using miswak and you can have a look at the book that I have referenced below for more comprehensive information on the topic. An authentic Hadith narrated in Musnad Imam Ahmad Bin Hanbal states the different Sunnahs of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) on Friday.

“Whoever takes a bath on Friday, performs Miswak, applies ‘Itr, wears fine quality clothing and then comes to the mosque and does not step over people, but in fact performs Salah and remains silent after the arrival of the Imam (i.e.  during the Khutbah) until the completion of Salah, Allah (سبحانه وتعلي) forgives all of his/her sins that were committed during that week.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) [Musnad Imam Ahmad]

The latter parts of the Hadith refer to men, but as women we can ensure that we fulfil the other Sunnahs.

I was in the middle of writing this and my Aalimah (not really though) sister pointed out to me that I don’t use miswak. So, I (very kindly) told her to be quiet. Obviously, if you don’t do use the miswak it’s not a sin, but it is something that I am going to start doing. Only problem is I don’t actually have a miswak. There are two hurdles (well three) that I need to get past in order before I embark on my miswak journey. Number one is I am self-isolating because my older brother has tested positive for the coronavirus. Although I could order a miswak online and have it delivered. Number 2 is there are no shops in the whole city that even sell miswaks. So, I suppose that means I would have to order it online or go to a different city to get one, which leads me on to hurdle three. And that is that my city is in (well it will be as of Sunday) tier 4 and non-essential travel is banned. Obviously (I know I use this word a lot) I am joking and getting a miswak is not a hard task and one I plan on getting soon.  

Wear clean clothes

So, the previous Hadith refers to wearing clean clothes as a Sunnah and it is something that in this day and age, we are able to do extremely easily. Back in the time of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) used to only own two or three pieces of clothing. They would wash one and wear the other. That was the simplicity of the lives some of the companions of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) had. On the other hand, our wardrobes are all completely filled with different and expensive items of clothes, so to wear a fresh pair of clothes on Friday as per the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) is not too much of hard ask.

Apply perfume

With regards to perfume women should avoid wearing perfume outside the house so as to not to attract men. However, there is a fine line between ensuring that you do not smell bad as that would obviously draw unnecessary attention as well and avoiding pouring a whole bottle of perfume on your clothes that people can smell you before they see you. As a general rule of thumb, basically don’t smell of anything. Wow, I am a great help…Anyways back to the topic on hand apply perfume according to the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) if you have no intention of leaving the house. That way you are completing the Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) and you will not be drawing yourself to the public eye.

Cut your nails

Cutting nails is another Sunnah of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم). However not many people know that there is a Sunnah method of cutting the nails, which you can see in the image below.

The Sunnah Way of Cutting Nails

Read Surah Al-Kahf

I have written about the blessings of Surah Al-Kahf before and it is certainly a Surah I think people should try to read every Friday. Click here to read my article on why we should read Surah Al-Kahf every Friday.

“Whoever recites from the beginning and from the end of Surah Kahf there will be Nur (light) from his head to toe for him, and for whatever recites the entire Surah, there will be Nur from the earth to the sky for him.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) [Musnad Imam Ahmad]
Send salutations upon the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم)

Sending salutations upon the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) by reciting Durood is not a difficult act yet it has countless blessings. There are many authentic Hadiths written that show the blessings of sending salutations upon the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم). One such is an authentic Hadith that is written in Jam’-ul-Jawami’ lis-Suyuti,

“The one who send salutations 200 times upon me on Friday, his 200 years’ sins will be forgiven.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) [Jam’-ul-Jawami’ lis-Suyuti]

Another authentic Hadith is narrated in Abu Dawood shows that the more salutations we send to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) the more reward we will get.

“On Fridays, send Durood abundantly on me, as it is presented before me.”

– Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) [Abu Dawood]

All of these are Sunnahs of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم), so not abiding by them does not result in sin. However, with that being said the things that I have listed do not take a lot of time or effort to do. Seeing as Friday is the best of all days, we should try to take out some time for Allah (سبحانه وتعلي) on this day by at least fulfilling these Sunnahs.

Sources / Further Reading

English

Quran Translation – Kanz ul Iman
Video – Excellence of Reciting Surah Al-Kahf
Book – Virtues of Miswak
Book – Salah for Islamic Sisters
Video – Blessings of Friday

Urdu

Book – Virtues of Miswak
Book – Salah for Islamic Sisters

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