The Night of Israa and Miraaj

DAILY DOSE OF DEEN: Read the story of Israa and Miraaj

اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمن الرَّحِيْمِ

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaathu everyone!

As tonight is the 27th of Rajab, I thought I would speak about the holy night of Israa and Miraj. There is a bit of debate as to when the exact date of the night falls upon. However, the general consensus is that the night occuered in Rajab with a few respected scholars stating that it occurred on the 27th Rajab.

On the night of Miraaj the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was at the house of Hazrat Aishah (رضي الله تعالي عنه) and the roof of the house was opened. Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام) descended into the house with some other angels. They took the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) to the Kaaba, split open his blessed chest and washed his heart with ZamZam water. They also poured wisdom and Imaan from a tray into it and composing back to its prior form thereafter.

A winged horse called the Buraaq was brought for the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) to travel to Bait ul-Muqaddas in Jerusalem. It is said that each step of the Buraq is as far as the eye can see. When the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) reached Bait ul-Muqaddas the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) tied the Buraaq to the same area where the other Prophets had tied their transports. The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) entered the Bait ul-Muqaddas and led all of the Prophets in two rakaats nafl salah.

After leaving Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام) placed before the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) two bowls: one of milk and the other of liquor. The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) chose the milk and drank it. When Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام) saw this he said,

“You chose fitrat (original nature). Had you taken the alcohol your Ummah would have gone astray?”

From Bait ul-Muqaddas the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) travelled on the steps of Noor to the first Heaven. On the wings of angels (عليه السلام) the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was taken to each of the seven Heavens. In each of the Heavens the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) met different people. The Pro

  1. In the first Heaven where he met Prophet Adam (عليه السلام).
  2. In the second Heaven where he met Prophet Yahya (عليه السلام) and Prophet Isa (عليه السلام) who are cousins of one another.
  3. In the third Heaven where he met Prophet Yusuf (عليه السلام).
  4. In the fourth Heaven where he met Prophet Idrees (عليه السلام).
  5. In the fifth Heaven where he met Prophet Haroon (عليه السلام).
  6. In the sixth Heaven where he met Prophet Musa (عليه السلام).
  7. In the seventh Heaven where he met Prophet Ibrahim (عليه السلام), who was resting against Bait ul Mamoor (wherein 70,000 angels were present)

Every Prophet greeted the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) by saying,

“Welcome, O Blessed Prophet!”

The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) travelled to Jannah on the wings of Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام) and ultimately reached Sidra tul-Muntaha, where he was told by Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام) that he (Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام)) could not proceed any further. Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) then called the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) and the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) travelled on Raf Raf to the highest Throne and realms beyond it. Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) spoke to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) and the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) spoke to Allah (سبحانه وتعالي). What they spoke about and what was the atmosphere cannot be described. In the Quran it is written,

فَأَوْحَىٰ إِلَىٰ عَبْدِهِ مَا أَوْحَىٰ

Now He revealed to His bondman whatever He revealed.
– Quran [53:10]

Whilst the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was granted many first the most important were three.

  1. The last verses of Surah al-Baqarah
  2. The glad tidings of Jannah for anyone from his Ummah that did not commit polytheism
  3. 50 daily salah

Whilst the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was returning with these gifts, the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) met Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) who said,

“Your Ummah will not be able to perform that many salah, so it is better if you go back to Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) and ask Him to decrease the amount.”

On Prophet Musa (عليه السلام)’s advice the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) returned back to Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) where Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) reduced the salah to 40. Again, the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) met Prophet Musa (عليه السلام), who advised the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) again. This happened several times with Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) reducing the amount from 40 to 30, then 30 to 20, then 20 to 10 and finally 10 to 5. When the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was given the amount of 5 Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) said,

“My order is irrevocable, O My Beloved! These 5 daily salah for your Ummah will be equal to 50, (i.e. they will receive the reward of 50 salah by performing these 5.”

It is said that the Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) advised the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) to reduce the amount of Salah, so that Prophet Musa (عليه السلام) could see a reflection of the Greatness of Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) in the eyes of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم).

The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was then taken for an intensive journey across the Heavens to see the signs of the power of Allah (سبحانه وتعالي). The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) later descended back to Bait ul-Muqaddas and finally set off on the Buraaq to return to Makkah tul-Mukarramah. It was at this point that the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) noticed the scenery of the route and the returning Makkan caravan.  When the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) reached the city, the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) immediately went to sleep since a large portion of the night still remained.

In the morning, the Quraish were confounded and labelled the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) a liar when the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) explained his journey to them. Some of their leaders (who saw Baitul-Muqaddas in their trips) began to ask questions about the building, knowing that he had never seen it before. They asked about its number of doors, arches, etc., and Allah (سبحانه وتعالي) immediately placed the entire construction of Bait ul-Muqaddas before the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم). Thus, they continuously asked him questions about the structure while he continuously answered them correctly (seeing the building right in front of him).

Sources / Further Reading

English

Fact of Miracle and Shab-e-Miraaj

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