Hazrat Khadijah Bint Khuwaylid (رضي الله تعالي عنها)

اَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيْمِ
بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمن الرَّحِيْمِ

Assalaamu alaikum wa rahmatullahi wa barakaathu everyone!

I know it has been a while since my first post on woman of the week, but I just didn’t have the time to sit down and gather the information I wanted in order for me to make this post. As you have probably gathered from the title, this article is going to be focused on Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها). I actually struggled a lot with finding authentic information about Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها). I always use Dawat-e-Islami as I know that they are a trustworthy source of information and I know all their knowledge is verified and is by Sunni scholars. However, my struggle this time was with finding enough information about Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) in English. They do have a book in Urdu about Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها), but my Urdu is questionable at times. I have linked the book at the end of the article in case you want to check it out though.

Now every single Muslim, man and woman, knows who Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) is. If you don’t know who Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها), then I will give you a quick run through of some basic facts.

  • Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was the daughter of Khuwaylid ibn Asad and Fatimah bint Zaidah
  • Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was an extremely successful businesswoman
  • Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم)
  • Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) married the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) at age 40 and the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) was 25
  • Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) and Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) had seven children together; three sons and four daughters
  • Until Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) passed away, the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله تعلي عليه واله وسلم) did not take another wife
  • Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was the first person to accept Islam

The facts that were listed above are details that are generally well known and the importance of Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) is commonly known amongst the Muslim ummah.

Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) has been granted the title of Mother of the Believers. She (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was the mother of Hazrat Fatimah and all the other children of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم). There are also many other titles that were given to Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها), a famous one of which is Al-Kubra, which means Great. Another famous title that she (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was called by was Tahirah, meaning pure or virtuous. This title was one that was given evem in the pre-Islamic era of ignorance.

Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) has such a high and revered status in Islam that even Allah (سبحانه وتعلي) sent her (رضي الله تعالي عنها) salam through Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام). It was narrated by Abu Hurairah (عليه السلام) in Sahih Bukhari,

Sayyiduna Jibrael (عليه السلام) came to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) and humbly requested,

“O Rasool-ul-Allah (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) Khadijah is approaching. She (رَضِیَ اللهُ تَعَالٰی عَنْهَا has a pot of food. When she approaches you, then convey to her the Salam of your Lord and mine and give her the good news of a home that is made of a hollow pearl in Paradise that has neither any noise nor any other inconvenience.”

– Sahih Bukhari

This Hadith shows how exalted her (رضي الله تعالي عنها) status is in the eyes of Allah (سبحانه وتعلي).

As the first wife of the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم), she (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was beloved to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) and her (رضي الله تعالي عنها) support to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) during the early years of Prophethood was unrivalled. The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) did not marry anyone else during his (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) marriage to Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها). The year of Hazrat Khadijah’s death (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was named the Year of Sorrow due to not only the death of his (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) beloved wife but also due to the death of his (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) protector and uncle, Abu Talib. The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) buried Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) with his own blessed hands.

Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) exemplified perfection in every manner from her lineage, nobility, manners and character. Her (رضي الله تعالي عنها) generosity was renowned and it is narrated that the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) once said that,

I have not found a better wife than Khadijah. When everyone rejected me, she believed in me and when everyone denied me, she bore witness to me and when no one was ready to give me anything, Khadijah gave to me all her things, and Allah (سبحانه وتعلي) has granted me children from her.

– Al-Istiab

Many young Muslim women think that there are no role models in Islam and instead turn to celebrities to follow in their footsteps. It is vital that we teach our mothers, daughters and sisters about these pious women of Islam, so that they can aspire to be like these women. People often think of Islam as an oppressive religion, but they do not realise that Islam has raised the status of a woman so much that the doors of Jannah lie at the feet of your mother (who is a woman).

One of the best inspirations in all Muslim women’s lives should be Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) She (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was a leading and successful woman in the Arab world with a myriad of qualities. Her (رضي الله تعالي عنها) intelligence and trustworthiness was renowned. In a patriarchal society, she (رضي الله تعالي عنها) managed to hold the reins of her father’s business and build a reputation of fair trade and high-quality goods all whilst without ever compromising her modesty or integrity.

At some point during her time as a businesswoman, word reached around to Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) that the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was a person of honest character and great integrity. Because of this, Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) sent a job offer to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) which was accepted. So, Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) sent the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) on a trading journey with her (رضي الله تعالي عنها) trusted slave Maysarah.

During the journey Maysarah was astonished by the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم)’s character and honest business dealings. On their return from the business trip, Maysarah told Hazrat Khadijah all about the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم)’s great character. This led Hazrat Khadijah to propose marriage. Prior to this Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) had been married and widowed twice. It is thought that her Hazrat Khadijah was first married to Ateeq bin Aidh bin Abdullah with whom she had a daughter called Hindah. After his death Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) married Malik bin Nabash and had two sons named Hala and Hind. This marriage also resulted in Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) being left a widow.

After much thought Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) sent a marriage proposal to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم). The Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) accepted. At the time of marriage, the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was 25 and Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was 40. After marriage Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) donated all of her (رضي الله تعالي عنها) goods and wealth to the poor and needy. This shows the love Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) had for the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم). Despite being accustomed to plenty of luxury, she (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was willing to give this all up for the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم).

There is no doubt that Hazrat Khadijah is a role model for all Muslim women. She (رضي الله تعالي عنها) was an independent woman that did not rely on any men in her daily life, but her loyalty and companionship to the Prophet Muhammad (صلي الله عليه واله وسلم) was unparalleled as she gave up the luxuries of the riches in this life for a palace in the next. Hazrat Khadijah (رضي الله تعالي عنها) should be our role model as a loving wife and mother. A great ideal for the women of all times.

Sources / Further Reading:

English:

Quran Translation – Kanz ul Iman
Quranic Wonders
Article – Blessings of Sayyidatuna Khadijah-tul-Kubra

Urdu:


Quran Translation – Kanz ul Iman
Quranic Wonders
Book – Faizan e Khadija tul Kubra
Video – Hazrat Khadija Ki Seerat